Will and Be Going To

WILL AND BE GOING TO FORM

 

Will for Future

POSITIVE

(I / You / We / They) will eat.

(He / She / It) will eat.

NEGATIVE

(I / You / We / They) will not / won’t eat.

(He / She / It) will not / won’t eat.

QUESTION

Will (I / you / we / they) eat?

Will (he / she / it) eat?

Be Going To Future

POSITIVE

I am going to go to the park.

(He / She / It) is going to go to the park.

(You / We / They) are going to go to the park.

NEGATIVE

I am not going to go to the park.

(He / She / It) is not going to go to the park.

(You / We / They) are not going to go to the park.

QUESTION

Am I going to go to the park?

Is (he / she / it) going to go to the park?

Are (I / you / we /they) going to go to the park?

BE GOING TO VS. WILL

  • Both will and be going to are used to make predictions.
  • be going to is for actions or events that will occur very soon, future plans and intentions.
    • We are going to eat. (very soon)
    • We will leave later this afternoon.
  • Will refers to plans that have already been made.
    • We will take the train at 8:00.
  • Will shows willingness to do something immediately happen or to make a promise.
    • I think the phone is ringing. I will pick it up.
    • I will pick you up from the front of the store.
  • Will is more formal versus be going to. So the choice depends on the speaker’s relationship.
    • Parent to child -> Your teacher is going to be angry about this.
    • Teacher to student -> Your parents will be angry about this.